The notion of interactivity will be shown to be central to virtual settlements. Further, it will be shown that virtual settlements can be defined as a cyber place that is symbolically delineated by topic of interest and within
which a significant proportion of interrelated interactive computer…… " Harman, Flite, and ond, 2012 the key to the preservation
of confidentiality is "making sure that only authorized individuals have access to that information. The process of controlling access limiting who can see what begins with authorizing users. " Harman, Flite, and ond, 2012 Employers are held accountable under the HIPAA Privacy and Security Rules for their employee's actions. The federal agency that holds responsibility for the development of information security guidelines is the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST. NIST further defines information security as "the preservation of data confidentiality, integrity, availability" stated to be commonly referred to as "the CIA triad.